Rey Bango

Web developer, honey badger

The Big List of JavaScript, CSS, and HTML Development Tools, Libraries, Projects, and Books

I’ve been meaning to do a roll-up of top JavaScript, CSS & HTML development tools that I use or have been recommended to me and after having lunch with my bud Brian Wilpon today, I realized I just needed to do it. He asked me what some of the newer tools are and I think this is the best way to help him (and the community in general). It’s definitely not an all-inclusive list so if you see some that you feel I should add or remove, let me know in the comments.

Here they are by category:

Sites and Lists to Learn From
Debugging Tools That Make Life MUCH Easier
CSS Editors
CSS Frameworks
CSS Resets
JavaScript Libraries
JavaScript Minifiers
JavaScript Shells
Color Management
Editors and IDEs
Wireframing
Browser Testing
Testing
Documentation
Server-Side JavaScript
Books – JavaScript/DOM
Books – JavaScript Libraries
Books – HTML & CSS
Books – Performance
Podcasts & Videos
Conferences
Blogs

Sites and Lists to Learn From:

You want to make sure you stay up-to-date on the latest and greatest web development best practices and the following sites do a great job of providing information:

Script Junkie – I’m a little biased since I manage that site but I’ve worked hard to get the best developers in the industry to create articles that provide actual solutions to common problems. No theory or odd examples. The articles are solutions-based.
JSMentors Mailing List – Want to learn JavaScript from elite developers? Then sign-up for this list
MIX Online – Great articles and op-ed pieces on web development
Badass JavaScript – It’s exactly that; badass. Great JavaScript-related content and news.
Daily JS – A daily does of great JavaScript content. Love it.
A List Apart – Must read for any web developer.
Smashing Magazine – A nice breadth of articles covering many aspects of web development and design.
Nettuts+ – Absolutely amazing tutorials on current technologies. Covers server-side and client-side development.

Debugging Tools That Make Life MUCH Easier:

Effectively debugging JavaScript applications is a royal pain in the derriere and to compile that, the available tools just don’t stand up to those used by managed code developers. Luckily, we do have a decent set of tools that lessens the pain substantially. Firebug is definitely a must have since it incorporates so much DOM & XHR introspection as well as the Web Developer Toolbar. Both are simply awesome. I also love Charles for HTTP sniffing and it’s saved my butt when Firebug couldn’t handle it.

IE8 Developer Tools – Microsoft’s browser debugger tools
Firebug – Mozilla’s browser debugger add-on
WebKit Web Inspector – Webkit’s browser debugger tools
Fiddler – HTTP Sniffer. Great for seeing Ajax requests.
Charles – HTTP Sniffer. Great for seeing Ajax requests. (my personal fav)
Service Capture – HTTP Sniffer. Great for seeing Ajax requests.
dynaTrace Ajax – HTTP performance analyzer
Web Developer’s Toolbar – All purpose Firefox toolbar to inspect everything on a page
YSlow – Analyzes page performance based on accepted industry best practices.
PageSpeed – Analyzes page performance based on accepted industry best practices.
DebugBar – An IE plugin that brings advanced debugging features to IE including JS, DOM & HTTP inspection
Pendule – Chrome extension similar to Firefox’s Web Developer Toolbar Add-on

CSS Editors:

I prefer to write my CSS code by hand. Call me old-school but many swear by the following CSS editors. CSSEdit by MacRabbit (Mac only) is especially loved by many designers.

TopStyle
Rapid CSS
Xyle
Stylizer
CSSEdit

CSS Frameworks:

These frameworks have really taken off. Like their JavaScript brethren, they help to abstract much of the complexity of building consistent layouts in cross-browser fashion. They’re definitely something I need to look into more and from what I’ve read, 960 GS & Blueprint are the ones people are looking at.

960 Grid System
Blueprint CSS Framework
YAML
Yahoo YUI Grids CSS
Tripoli
Object-Oriented CSS

CSS Resets:

Want to minimize browser inconsistencies? Then use a CSS reset stylesheet to specify baseline CSS styles that make browser presentation defaults more consistent.

Meyer Reset by Eric Meyer
YUI2: Reset CSS
IECSS

JavaScript Libraries:

I definitely recommend everyone to learn JavaScript as you’ll need it to be a really effective client-side developer. With that said, a good JS library will go a long way to making your development faster and much more stable. These libraries are all very mature and dramatically help to abstract the complexities of cross-browser development. My personal favorite is jQuery, of which I’m a member of the project team.

jQuery
jQuery UI
Prototype
MooTools
Dojo
YUI
JavaScriptMVC
qooxdoo
Ext JS
Raphael.js – simplifies working with vector graphics on the web
LabJS Dynamic Script Loader – Allows execution and load management of JavaScript files
RequireJS Dynamic Script Loader – Allows execution and load management of JavaScript files
Lawnchair – A lightweight client-side JSON document store
Sessvars.js – Client-side session data management solution
Reactive Extensions For JS
PURE JS Templating Lib
Underscore.js – Utility lib for jQuery that provides a ton of extended functionality
DHTMLX

JavaScript Minifiers

Every byte counts when you’re sending files via HTTP and best practices dictate that on a production, you need to optimize all of your files to minimize page load times. Compressing JavaScript code is one of the easiest ways to do that and these tools will help. On the jQuery project, we’ve started using Google’s Closure compiler because it’s generated the best compression. Try all of them out to see which suits you best.

YUI compressor
Closure compiler
JSMIN
Dean Edward’s Packer
Microsoft Ajax Minifer
Dojo Shrinksafe

JavaScript Shells

There are times when you just want to test a snippet of code without actually going through the trouble of creating a full page. That’s where JavaScript shells shine. JSFiddle and JSBin both rock because apart from supporting plain ole JS, they also allow you to include a host of libraries including jQuery, MooTools, & Dojo.

jsfiddle.net
JSBin
JSApp.us – Shell for node.js development

Color Management:

As a programmer, I’m insanely color scheme challenged. I’m inclined to mix yellow with mauve causing a concerted moan to occur across the design community. Luckily, these tools help you choose web safe color schemes that are not only consistent but won’t burn the eyeballs off your site visitors. :)

Colourlovers
Kuler

Editors and IDEs:

I work at Microsoft so you would expect me to be a Visual Studio whiz. Not so. Only recently starting at MS, I’ve only dipped my toe in the VS waters. What I’ve seen though has impressed me but I still have a long way to go before I understand it. If you’re on a Mac, though, I do highly recommend both TextMate and Coda. Both are truly awesome. I’ve used Coda a little more because I liked the UI of it a little better than TextMate’s but TM’s bundle system and ecosystem is amazing. You can get code-complete for just about anything via bundles. For Windows, Notepad++ has been just awesome. I wish it had built-in FTP support like UltraEdit.

Visual Studio
Expression
TextMate
Coda
UltraEdit
Komodo IDE
Notepad++
Notepad2
BBEdit
Aptana
Espresso
Sublime Text
WebStorm
VIM
Eclipse
Netbeans
Geany

Wireframing:

I know some of you are cowboys (or cowgirls) and you just want to start hacking. Well, for the truly impatient, these tools at least let you wireframe your pages quickly and easily. I’ve used Balsamiq and FlairBuilder and both rock. It seems that FlairBuilder is really cranking it up with some nice features. Both are Adobe AIR apps which means they’re cross-platform.

Omnigraffle
Balsamiq
FlairBuilder
Visio
Axure

Browser Testing:

I’ve been fortunate to have multiple OS versions over the years. My wife would definitely prefer for me to have a couple of less PCs sitting around but it’s let me test out my web apps on a variety of platforms, browsers and OSes. Shoot, I even have a version of IE6! For those with less hardware, these services should definitely help. Note that services like BrowserCam & Gomez are subscription-based but worth the cash if you can afford it.

BrowserCam
Adobe BrowserLab
Microsoft Expression Web SuperPreview for IE
Gomez
TredoSoft MultipleIE
CrossBrowserTesting
Multi-Safari
Browserscope
Cuzillion
IETester
Litmus

Testing (based on the list by John Resig):

This was a list I snagged from John Resig. Obviously, he’s done a boatload of testing so I know this list rocks. JSLint is the old mainstay created by Douglas Crockford but other have really become increasingly essential to good testing. jQuery developers should definitely be looking at QUnit & jQuery-Lint. The most complete tool is Selenium but it does have a bit of a learning curve. If you’re into determining JS performance, checkout SunSpider, Dromaeo, Google’s V8 Benchmark and JSLitmus. These measure the performance of the JS engine, not your apps.

JSLint
jQuery Lint
JSUnit
Selenium Core
JSSpec (MooTools)
UnitTestJS (Prototype)
QUnit (jQuery)
DOH Unit Testing (Dojo)
YUITest 2
YUITest 3
Mochitest
ScrewUnit
JsUnitTest
jsUnity
JsTestDriver
Crosscheck
Env.js
FireUnit
W3C Markup Validation Service
W3C CSS Validation Service
SunSpider
V8 Benchmark
Dromaeo
JSLitmus
HTML Validator Firefox Add-on

Documentation:

Internet Explorer 9 Beta Guide for Developers
Yahoo UI Docs
APIs – Most comprehensive list of APIs on the web
jQuery Docs
jQuery UI Docs
MooTools Docs
Prototype Docs
Dojo Docs
JSON Reference
JSONP


Server-Side JavaScript

Rhino
Node.js
Narwhal.js
CommonJS Standards Project
Persevere
Comet

Books

The books below are really a great selection. I have many in my own library and every so often re-read them I’m currently reading High Performance JavaScript by Nicholas Zakas. Another great book is Stoyan Stefanov’s Object-Oriented JavaScript: Create scalable, reusable high-quality JavaScript applications and libraries. I also highly recommend Steve Souders performance book at the bottom of the list. They’re basically the definitive sources for optimizing your web apps.

JavaScript/DOM:

JavaScript Libraries:

HTML & CSS:

Performance:


Podcasts & Videos

Script Junkie Videos – Lots of screencasts to help improve your web development
JSConf Live – Discussions with top JavaScript developers
A Minute with Brendan – Listen to the creator of JavaScript discuss the future of the language
Official jQuery Podcast – Discussion with members of the jQuery community
YayQuery – General discussion about front-end development
YUI Theater – Tons of video presentations about JavaScript and the YUI library


Conferences

JSConf U.S. – THE event to attend in the U.S. for the best JavaScript presentations
JSConf Europe – THE event to attend in Europe for the best JavaScript presentations
Full Frontal – Great speakers and topics relating to front-end development
Fronteers – Great speakers and topics relating to front-end development
An Event Apart – If you’re into web design, this event is awesome and is held in multiple cities
Official jQuery Conference – The twice yearly jQuery event is the always sold out.
SXSW – SO MUCH TO DO at this event. Covers technology along with music and film


Blogs

ScriptJunkie.com – I’m a little biased on this one because I manage this site but I work hard to get really good content about JavaScript as well as HTML & CSS
JSmentors.com – the JavaScript mailing list I started with Asen Bozhilov which provides a safe, professional place to discuss JavaScript and learn from the best
DailyJS
BadassJS
JavaScript Weekly Newsletter
JSMag – Monthly Magazine
YUI Theatre – Tons of videos on JavaScript-related topics
John Resig
Peter van der Zee
Peter Michaux
Garrett Smith
Juriy Zaytsev a.k.a. kangax
Dmitry A. Soshnikov
Steven Levithan
John-David Dalton
Stoyan Stefanov
Benjamin Rosseaux a.k.a. BeRo
Diego Perini
Angus Croll
Peter van der Zee
Christian C. Salvadó
Christophe Porteneuve
Nicholas C. Zakas
David Flanagan
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